National Research Council of Italy

Institute of Biosciences and BioResources

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IBBR publication #2098

Conservation of crop genetic resources in Italy with a focus on vegetables and a case study of a neglected race of Brassica oleracea

Hammer K, Montesano V, Direnzo P, Laghetti G

Preprint Clueb Paese di pubblicazione: Italia Lingua: italiano ISSN: 1825-5647: . (2018)
doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0089.v1

The study attempts, above all, to provide a summary, with a strictly scientific basis, about the strategies of conservation of autochthonous agrobiodiversity followed in Italy. A special focus is dedicated on vegetables and, therefore, could represent a contribution to improve the national strategy for the safeguarding of its agrobiodiversity in general. The paper offers also an outlook on the most critical factors of the ex situ conservation and some actions which need to be taken. Some examples of ’novel’ recovered neglected crops are also given. Finally a case study is proposed: ’Mugnolicchio’, a neglected race of Brassica oleracea L., cultivated in Altamura (Ba) in southern Italy. ’Mugnolicchio’ might be considered as an early step in the evolution of broccoli (B. oleracea L. var. italica Plenck) like ’Mugnoli’ another neglected race described from Salento (Apulia)

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