National Research Council of Italy

Institute of Biosciences and BioResources

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IBBR publication #1871

In vivo and in vitro protein imaging in thermophilic archaea by exploiting a novel protein tag

Visone V, Han W, Perugino G, del Monaco G, She Q, Rossi M, Valenti A, Ciaramella M

PLOS ONE 12 (10): e0185791. (2017)
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185791

Protein imaging, allowing a wide variety of biological studies both in vitro and in vivo, is of great importance in modern biology. Protein and peptide tags fused to proteins of interest provide the opportunity to elucidate protein location and functions, detect protein-protein interactions, and measure protein activity and kinetics in living cells. Whereas several tags are suitable for protein imaging in mesophilic organisms, the application of this approach to microorganisms living at high temperature has lagged behind. Archaea provide an excellent and unique model for understanding basic cell biology mechanisms. Here, we present the development of a toolkit for protein imaging in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus islandicus. The system relies on a thermostable protein tag (H5) constructed by engineering the alkylguanine-DNA-alkyl-transferase protein of Sulfolobus solfataricus, which can be covalently labeled using a wide range of small molecules. As a suitable host, we con- structed, by CRISPR-based genome-editing technology, a S. islandicus mutant strain deleted for the alkylguanine-DNA-alkyl-transferase gene (?ogt). Introduction of a plasmid- borne H5 gene in this strain led to production of a functional H5 protein, which was success- fully labeled with appropriate fluorescent molecules and visualized in cell extracts as well as in ?ogt live cells. H5 was fused to reverse gyrase, a peculiar thermophile-specific DNA topo- isomerase endowed with positive supercoiling activity, and allowed visualization of the enzyme in living cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of in vivo imaging of any protein of a thermophilic archaeon, filling an important gap in available tools for cell biology studies in these organisms.

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