IBBR - UOS Perugia
The Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources (IBBR), CNR, was established in 2013 but the Perugia Research Division of IBBR was first founded in 1961 in the Agriculture Faculty of the Perugia University as "Centre for forage crops breeding". In 1990 the Centre was transformed in “Institute for forage crops breeding” and then in 2001 it became part of the Institute of Plant Genetics.
Initially, the research activity carried out by IBBR/PG concerned forage and legume crops breeding, including cytological and cytogenetic topics, while in the last decade it has been directed mainly on the utilization of plant biotechnology for both basic and applied research.
Current research includes:
Germplasm evaluation of olive (Olea europaee L.), with the aim to produce a finger print of the Italian olive varieties and to establish a relational database with different molecular markers. This leads to association studies between candidate genes and/or anonymous molecular markers and traits of agronomic interest.
Identification of genomic markers of truffle (Tuber spp.) aims to differentiate these species at different stages of their biological cycle and to investigate their reproductive systems. In addition, gene expression profiles in Tuber mycelium and in host plant roots tries to identify genes and pathways involved in the symbiotic process.
Genomics and functional genomics: participation in truffle and olive genome sequencing, development and maintenance of a collection of several transposon-tagged and TILLING mutant lines of Medicago truncatula (legume model species) which contribute to analogous European collections.
Study on the forage species agronomic traits, both legumes and grasses: in particular, traits responsible for the nutritional value of legumes (protein content and tannins), isolation of genes responsible for apomixis in Paspalum, identification of genes involved in saponin synthesis and in the processes of senescence and leaf abscission in M.truncatula.
Production of recombinant molecules of pharmaceutical and industrial interest using plants as technology platform, and studies on the factors that regulates the expression of heterologous genes in plant, as well as study of biological mechanisms linked to synthesis, stability, intracellular and intraplastidial transport of exogenous and endogenous proteins in model plant species.